Last week, news reports exposed the Nevada State mental health system for its practice of regularly placing people with mental illness on Greyhound buses and sending them to other states. In 2012, Rawson-Neal Psychiatric Hospital in Las Vegas sent nearly 400 patients to 176 cities and 45 states throughout the country. The state claims this practice merely helps people find their way back home after travel to Nevada, and particularly Las Vegas. But specific cases show this is not always true. For example, in February one man, James Flavy Coy Brown, was sent on a bus to Sacramento–a city where he knew no one and had never even visited. Nevada also claims the state is sending people off with adequate provisions, but again, Brown’s case and others refute that claim. Brown arrived in Sacramento without medication, identification, access to his Social Security payments, or arrangements for treatment or housing.
Is Your Church Like Vegas?
Like Nevada, and all the states those Greyhound buses are bound for, churches are full of people who struggle with mental illness. Each year, 26.2 percent of the American adult population suffers from a diagnosable mental illness. At the same time, an estimated 20 percent of children in the United States are at least mildly impaired by some type of diagnosable mental illness. And about 5 to 9 percent of children ages 9 to 17 have a “serious emotional disturbance.” That translates to millions of individuals and families directly affected by mental illness. Many more are affected by the symptoms of friends, classmates, co-workers, and the people who sit next to them on Sunday morning.
The church is the first place many people go when they’re looking for help of all kinds, including treatment for mental illness. Among people who have sought treatment, 25 percent have gone first to a member of the clergy. This is a higher percentage than those who have gone to psychiatrists, general medical doctors, or anyone else. Unfortunately, many church leaders are ill-equipped to help people get the care they need. And while 25 percent of those who seek help from clergy have the most serious forms of mental illness, studies have shown that clergy refer less than 10 percent of them to mental-health professionals. On top of that, for every person who seeks help, many more stay silent, afraid to admit their illnesses to themselves or to risk the rejection of the people around them.
With so many opportunities to help people in need, how many churches respond as the state of Nevada does–whether intentionally or not?
A few churches actually intentionally reject people with mental illness. In their theological framework, mental illness has no place among people who follow Christ. Those who manifest symptoms are assumed to be demon-possessed, willfully attached to some egregious sin, or lacking the faith they need to claim God’s healing. When they don’t get better simply through prayer or “more faith,” they are considered at fault and unwelcome within the fellowship. Such churches misunderstand the true nature of mental illness and must revisit their theology of illness and suffering of all kinds. Until they do, they are not safe places for people with mental illness or their families and are best avoided.
But most churches do not hold to the kind of theology that overtly blames, rejects, and casts out people whose brains have shown themselves particularly vulnerable to the forces of disease and decay that haunt us all in various ways. Even so, many inadvertently communicate rejection through their policies or culture.
Here are three ways many churches are emulating Nevada, along with some key questions for church leaders.
Uniquely Attractive–and Uniquely Responsible
As news coverage has pointed out, the city of Las Vegas makes Nevada a unique state: “The city’s entertainment and casino culture draws people from all over the world–including the mentally ill.” The trappings of Vegas may be more likely to attract people with mood disorders, schizophrenia, and other conditions–and the same may be said for churches. Spiritual experiences, promises of peace and joy, opportunities for community and for communion with God . . . these elements of church life are understandably attractive to many people with mental illness. Churches have a special responsibility to recognize this and respond intentionally.
None of us will ever be whole this side of heaven–and many people with mental illness suffer from chronic and repetitive symptoms that can be managed but not technically cured. These conditions do not cancel God’s purposes for them. They do not disqualify people from a place in the body of Christ. Just as much as other ill or injured people, they deserve loving acceptance, clear and consistent boundaries, and grace.
Missing Basic Needs
In at least a few documented cases, Nevada’s mental-health care system placed people on buses without adequate provisions or chaperones. Many churches use a similar strategy, without realizing they’re not fulfilling their responsibilities.
Psychiatrists do not provide pastoral care. Therapists don’t make sure the bills are paid and the kids get to school. Medication does not answer questions about why God feels so far away. Just because people receive medical treatment does not mean they don’t need anything more from the church.
Neglecting Support Systems
Nevada claims it is simply busing people back to their home states and first making contact with support systems at those destinations. But investigations reveal those connections are not always made and plans for follow-up care aren’t always in place. Many churches also fail to consider what they can do to strengthen the support system for people with mental illness.
A Call to the Church
I wrote my new book, Troubled Minds: Mental Illness and the Church’s Mission, to help the church better understand the needs of people affected by mental illness. I also wrote it to challenge the church–that’s everyone who follows Jesus–to see this as part of our mission in this life.
As I wrote in the book, “The church should not lag; it should lead the way. We serve a God who calls us to serve ‘the least of these’ as if we were serving him (Matthew 25:40). Jesus said, ‘Healthy people don’t need a doctor–sick people do. I have come to call not those who think they are righteous, but those who know they are sinners’ (Mark 2:17). As living temples carrying God’s presence in this world, we must allow his light to shine out from us and infiltrate the darkness that surrounds so many people and drives some of them to despair.”
Let’s embrace our calling and shine the light of Christ in darkness.
© 2013 Amy Simpson.